What Viral Infections Cause Low White Blood Cell Count?

Can low white blood cell count be temporary?

One of the most common causes of a low white blood cell count is a viral infection.

These infections can sometimes temporarily disrupt the bone marrow’s production of blood cells, so blood cell counts drop.

The counts typically rebound as the body recovers from the infection..

What is the most common reason for low white blood cell count?

A low white blood cell count usually is caused by: Viral infections that temporarily disrupt the work of bone marrow. Certain disorders present at birth (congenital) that involve diminished bone marrow function. Cancer or other diseases that damage bone marrow.

Do low white blood cells make you tired?

This condition may contribute to weakness, fatigue or shortness of breath. Leukopenia: A low white blood cell count. A decrease in the production of functional leukocytes (white blood cells) weakens the body’s immune defense, which may make you more prone to infections. Thrombocytopenia: A low blood platelet count.

When should I be worried about low white blood cells?

A truly low white blood cell count also puts you at higher risk for infections — typically bacterial infections. But viral infections also may be a concern. To help reduce your infection risk, your doctor may suggest you wear a face mask and avoid anyone with a cold or other illness.

How low is too low for white blood cells?

In general, for adults a count lower than 4,000 white blood cells per microliter of blood is considered a low white blood cell count. For children, that threshold varies with age.

How do I increase my white blood cell count?

Poultry and Lean Meats. Foods high in protein, such as lean meats and poultry, are high in zinc — a mineral that increases the production of white blood cells and T-cells, which fight infection. Other great sources of zinc are oysters, nuts, fortified cereal, and beans.

What foods to avoid if you have low white blood cells?

If you have neutropenia, you should avoid raw meat, eggs and fish, moldy or expired food, unwashed or moldy fruit and vegetables, and unpasteurized beverages, including fruit and vegetable juice, beer, milk, as well as unpasteurized honey.

Does a virus affect white blood cell count?

When you get sick, your body makes more white blood cells to fight the bacteria, viruses, or other foreign substances causing your illness. This increases your white blood count. Other diseases can cause your body to make fewer white blood cells than you need. This lowers your white blood count.

Can stress cause low white cell count?

In addition, stress decreases the body’s lymphocytes — the white blood cells that help fight off infection. The lower your lymphocyte level, the more at risk you are for viruses, including the common cold and cold sores.

What happens when you have a low white blood cell count?

White blood cells are produced by your bone marrow to help your body fight infection. If you have fewer than normal white blood cells, you have a higher risk of getting an infection. When you have a low white blood cell count, your immune system isn’t working as well as it should.

How do you treat low white blood cells?

Common treatments include:Medications. Medications can be used to stimulate your body to make more blood cells. … Stopping treatments that cause leukopenia. Sometimes you may need to stop a treatment like chemotherapy to give your body time to make more blood cells. … Growth factors. … Diet. … At home.

What autoimmune disease causes low white blood cell count?

Autoimmune disorders: Some autoimmune diseases, like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, will tell your body to attack and destroy its own WBCs. Infection: Viruses can affect your bone marrow and cause low WBCs for a while.

Is low white blood count serious?

A low WBC count can be serious because it increases your risk of developing a potentially life-threatening infection. Seek prompt medical care if you have a low WBC count and have signs of an infection, such as a fever, swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, or skin lesions.

Does HPV cause low white blood cell count?

Affected individuals are particularly susceptible to human papillomavirus (HPV), which can cause skin and genital warts and potentially lead to cancer. Affected individuals have extremely low levels of certain white blood cells (neutrophils) leading to a condition called neutropenia.