Quick Answer: What Is The Most Commonly Prescribed Drug Class For Older Adults Quizlet?

What are the most commonly prescribed meds for elderly patients?

Below are the top 10 medications prescribed to elderly Americans.Hydrocodone.

Hydrocodone, which is often blended with acetaminophen, is a pain medication often sold under the brand names Lorcet, Norco, and Vicodin.

Simvastatin.

Lisinopril.

Levothyroxine.

Amlodipine Besylate.

Omeprazole.

Azithromycin.

Metformin.More items…•.

What is the most commonly prescribed drug in the US?

Top 10 Drugs Prescribed in the U.S.Lisinopril (Generic for Prinivil or Zestril) … Levothyroxine (generic for Synthroid) … Azithromycin (generic for Zithromax, Z-PAK) … Metformin (generic for Glucophage) … Lipitor (atorvastatin) … Amlodipine (generic for Norvasc) … Amoxicillin. … Hydrochlorothiazide.More items…

What is the best anti anxiety medication for the elderly?

Buspirone is an anti-anxiety drug that has been shown to be effective for older adults. Benzodiazepines, another anti-anxiety drug, are effective but should be prescribed carefully to older adults because of risk of memory impairment, unsteadiness, and falls.

How many medications do seniors take?

The statistics on medication usage among elderly patients in the US are eye-opening: more than one-third of prescriptions drugs used in the US are taken by elderly patients; the ambulatory elderly fill between 9-13 prescriptions a year (including new prescriptions and refills); the average elderly patient is taking …

What is the most common inappropriately prescribed drug to the elderly?

Diphenhydramine and amitriptiline are the most common inappropriately prescribed medications with high risk adverse events while propoxyphene and doxazoxin are the most commonly prescribed medications with low risk adverse events.

What are the most commonly prescribed drugs?

The Top 10 Most Common Drugs by Total PrescriptionsMetformin: 78.6 Million Prescriptions. … Amlodipine: 72.5 Million Prescriptions. … Metoprolol: 68 Million Prescriptions. … Omeprazole: 58.8 Million Prescriptions. … Simvastatin: 56.7 Million Prescriptions. … Losartan: 52 Million Prescriptions. … Albuterol: 50 Million Prescriptions.More items…•

What drugs should be avoided in geriatric patients?

Beers Criteria: Some Medications to Avoid in the ElderlyAVOID IF POSSIBLE IN THE ELDERLYClassDrugNon-COX selective NSAIDSAspirin > 325mg/day Ibuprofen Naproxen Piroxicam Indomethacin (and others)Long acting sulfonylureasChlorpropamide glyburidea urinary anti-infective agentnitrofurantoin12 more rows

Why is taking multiple medications a problem for the elderly?

Elderly people are at a greater risk for adverse drug reactions (ADRs) because of the metabolic changes and reduced drug clearance associated with ageing; this risk is furthermore exacerbated by increasing the number of drugs used. Potential of drug-drug interactions is further increased by use of multiple drugs.

Why do elderly take so many medications?

Polypharmacy occurs when a patient takes too many medications for their own good. It is most common among seniors and individuals with multiple medical conditions. Since older people metabolize drugs differently, the combined effects of numerous medications can be especially harmful.

What is the best selling medication of all time?

Pfizer’s cholesterol-lowering drug Lipitor is by far the best-selling drug of all time.

What is the most commonly prescribed antidepressant?

Zoloft is the most commonly prescribed antidepressant; nearly 17% of those survey in the 2017 antidepressant use study reported that they had taken this medication. 1 Paxil (paroxetine): You might be more likely to have sexual side effects if you choose Paxil over other antidepressants.

Can you buy muscle relaxers over the counter?

Low doses are available over the counter, but a doctor can prescribe higher doses as well. Motrin IB (ibuprofen): Don’t be fooled by the different brand name. Motrin IB and Advil are the same drug. Therefore, they shouldn’t be taken together, as it could increase the risk of overdose.

Which muscle relaxer is best for elderly?

In 2017, cyclobenzaprine, diazepam, tizanidine, baclofen, and carisoprodol appeared on the top-200 list of medications dispensed to patients. Although these medications may be useful for treating acute low back pain, evidence for safe and effective prolonged use is limited.

What is the safest muscle relaxer?

It is available as a tablet and can be taken by children as young as 12 years old. Some common side effects could include nausea and vomiting, confusion, drowsiness, headache, or muscle weakness. Baclofen is rated C in the FDA’s A through X pregnancy safety ranking for medications, with A being the safest.

What helps elderly anxiety?

Top 5 Ways to Relieve Anxiety in SeniorsSocial Support. Seniors commonly experience feelings of loneliness and isolation due to the fact that they are often at least somewhat limited in their mobility and may have a diminished social circle. … Calming Exercises. … Reassuring Routines. … Ease Nighttime Stress. … Consider Professional Help.

What is the best antidepressant with the least side effects?

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These medications generally cause fewer bothersome side effects and are less likely to cause problems at higher therapeutic doses than other types of antidepressants are.

What is the most expensive medication on the market?

Zolgensma, a new drug approved by the FDA Friday, costs more than $2.1 million. It’s made by AveXis, a drugmaker owned by pharmaceutical giant Novartis. The federal Food and Drug Administration has approved a gene therapy for a rare childhood disorder that is now the most expensive drug on the market.

Which antidepressant should be avoided in the elderly?

Tricyclic antidepressants, especially amitriptyline and dothiepin,16 are known to pose a high risk of death in overdosage. These drugs should therefore be avoided in older people whose medication is not supervised and who are at risk of taking an overdose.