Quick Answer: What Are The Factors That Affect How Contagious Infectious Diseases Spread?

What are three factors that influence the spread of emerging diseases?

Responsible factors include ecological changes, such as those due to agricultural or economic development or to anomalies in climate; human demographic changes and behavior; travel and commerce; technology and industry; microbial adaptation and change; and breakdown of public health measures..

What are 3 things you can do to prevent the spread of infectious diseases?

Preventing the Spread of Infectious DiseasesWash your hands often. … Get vaccinated. … Use antibiotics sensibly. … Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. … Be smart about food preparation. … Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence. … Practice safer sex. … Don’t share personal items.More items…

What are social and environmental factors?

Social and environmental determinants of health are the full set of social and physical conditions in which people live and work, including socioeconomic, demographic, environmental and cultural factors, along with the health system. Socioeconomic and demographic determinants.

What is the best method for preventing the spread of infection?

The most important way to reduce the spread of infections is hand washing – always wash regularly with soap and water. Also important is to get a vaccine for those infections and viruses that have one, when available. See the OSH Answers Hand Washing – Reducing the Risk of Common Infections for more details.

What are the different precautions to prevent disease transmission?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What factors influence the spread of disease?

Environmental factors influencing the spread of communicable diseases. Water, sanitation, food and air quality are vital elements in the transmission of communicable diseases and in the spread of diseases prone to cause epidemics.

What are the 4 ways infections can be transmitted?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What are the five environmental factors?

They include:Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food.Natural and technological disasters.Climate change.Occupational hazards.The built environment.

What diseases are caused by environmental factors?

Some 8.2 million out of the 12.6 million deaths caused by the environment each year are due to noncommunicable diseases, primarily linked to air pollution. Stroke, heart disease, unintentional injuries, cancers and chronic respiratory infections are the top 5 causes of environmental-related deaths.

What are biological and environmental factors?

Biological factors such as breeding behavior, care of young, time of last eating, and food storage cause changes in daily activity patterns. Similarly, environmental factors such as temperature, snow cover, food supply and disturbance caused by humans in an urban setting also cause changes in daily activity patterns.

What are the 4 most important environmental factors that influence bacterial growth?

Warmth, moisture, pH levels and oxygen levels are the four big physical and chemical factors affecting microbial growth.

What is the best way to fight the spread of infectious diseases?

Prevent the spread of infectious diseaseImmunise against infectious diseases.Wash and dry your hands regularly and well.Stay at home if you are sick.Cover coughs and sneezes.Clean surfaces regularly.Ventilate your home.Prepare food safely.Practise safe sex.