Question: What Are The Six Killer Diseases?

What is the most rare disease in the world?

Five rare diseases you never knew existedStoneman Syndrome.

Frequency: one in two million people.

Alice In Wonderland Syndrome (AIWS) Frequency: currently unknown.

Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) Frequency: one in four million.

Alkaptonuria.

Frequency: one in one million people globally.

Chronic Focal Encephalitis (Rasmussen’s Encephalitis).

What diseases are hereditary?

They are not passed down from parent to child, as is the case with a hereditary disease.Sickle Cell Disease. Sickle cell disease is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in one of the genes that encode the hemoglobin protein. … Cystic Fibrosis. … Tay-Sachs. … Hemophilia. … Huntington’s Disease. … Muscular Dystrophy.

What has killed the most humans in history?

Wars and armed conflicts with highest estimated death tolls of 100,000 or moreEventLowest estimateHighest estimateWorld War II60,000,000118,357,000Three Kingdoms36,000,00040,000,000Mongol conquests30,000,00057,000,000European colonization of the Americas8,400,000138,000,00047 more rows

What is the most common childhood disease?

Early Childhood Caries (ECC) Tooth decay is the single most common chronic childhood disease—5 times more common than asthma, 4 times more common than early- childhood obesity, and 20 times more common than diabetes. ECC is a multifactorial disease process initiated by bacteria (primarily Streptococcus mutans).

What is the most common disease in Nigeria?

major health problem in Nigeria. The top causes of death in Nigeria are; malaria, lower respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, road injuries, protein-energy malnutrition, cancer, meningitis, stroke and tuberculosis.

What are the 14 serious childhood diseases?

Vaccination protects against these 14 diseases, which used to be prevalent in the United States.#1. Polio. Polio is a crippling and potentially deadly infectious disease that is caused by poliovirus. … #2. Tetanus. … #3. The Flu (Influenza) … #4. Hepatitis B. … #5. Hepatitis A. … #6. Rubella. … #7. Hib. … #8. Measles.More items…

What is a really bad disease?

The deadliest disease in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD). Also called ischemic heart disease, CAD occurs when the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart become narrowed. Untreated CAD can lead to chest pain, heart failure, and arrhythmias.

How many diseases can a person have?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

Which disease has no cure?

HIV/AIDS – No cure exists for HIV/AIDS, but medication exists that can help control the symptoms of it. Huntington’s disease – Inherited disease that causes the progressive breakdown (degeneration) of nerve cells in the brain. Hydrocephalus – No cure exists for this (physical)neurological disorder.

Are there drugs that cure diseases?

Medicines are chemicals or compounds used to cure, halt, or prevent disease; ease symptoms; or help in the diagnosis of illnesses. Advances in medicines have enabled doctors to cure many diseases and save lives.

What are the seven killer diseases?

The most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases tracked by the World Health Organization (WHO) are: diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

What are the most successful vaccines?

Smallpox vaccination with vaccinia virus is the most famous example of a highly effective vaccine and at the time when people were faced with smallpox outbreaks, this vaccine was associated with each of these characteristics that led to the implementation of a successful vaccine.

What’s the deadliest disease in human history?

Cholera, bubonic plague, smallpox, and influenza are some of the most brutal killers in human history. And outbreaks of these diseases across international borders, are properly defined as pandemic, especially smallpox, which throughout history, has killed between 300-500 million people in its 12,000 year existence.

How do doctors find cures for diseases?

Scientists have a panel of “likely suspects” now in this case, and we test tumor samples for those protein suspects using a variety of means. Once the cause of the change in the diseased cell or tissue has been identified, the search for a cure can begin.

What are the six killer diseases of a child?

These six are the target diseases of WHO’s Expanded Programme on Immuni- zation (EPI), and of UNICEF’s Univer- sal Childhood Immunization (UCI); measles, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tetanus and tuberculosis.

Is Nigeria a safe country?

There is a high level of crime throughout Nigeria, including armed robbery, kidnapping for ransom, home invasions, carjacking and violent assault. Criminal activity is high in urban areas, including the city of Lagos, as well as on the northern border with Niger and Chad.

What are the 8 killer diseases?

These include: Tuberculosis, Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus, Polio, Hepatitis B, Haemophilus influenza, Pneumonia, Measles and Rotavirus.

What are the six killer diseases in Nigeria?

The vision of EPI in Nigeria is to improve the health of Nigerian children by eradicating all the six killer diseases, which are polio, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, tuberculosis, and yellow fever.

What disease kills the fastest?

Flesh Eating Bug. This bug can quickly sweep through the body eating the body’s soft tissue. … Cholera. This is an intestinal disease caused by eating contaminated water or food and can kill anyone within hours. … Enterovirus D68. … Bubonic Plague. … Ebola. … Dengue Fever.

Which is the biggest disease in the world?

The world’s biggest killer is ischaemic heart disease, responsible for 16% of the world’s total deaths. Since 2000, the largest increase in deaths has been for this disease, rising by more than 2 million to 8.9 million deaths in 2019.

Can any disease be cured?

Some diseases can be cured. Others, like hepatitis B, have no cure. The person will always have the condition, but medical treatments can help to manage the disease. Medical professionals use medicine, therapy, surgery, and other treatments to help lessen the symptoms and effects of a disease.